Tag Archives: FCI

American Kennel Club Foundation Stock Service (AKC-FSS)

The AKC Foundation Stock Service is a program provided by the AKC for Rare Breed Dogs in the USA.  Any individual or breed club can apply for a breed to be accepted into the AKC-FSS program. An established breed club is not necessary. Even a single person with one dog can apply for recognition into the AKC-FSS. There is no guarantee that the breed will be accepted. If the breed is an FCI recognized breed, this will increase the breed’s chances of acceptance.

Once your dog is registered with the AKC-FSS you will receive a registration certificate. After you receive this registration certificate, you can order an AKC-FSS pedigree. The pedigree is provided for an extra cost. (Refer to the difference between pedigrees and registrations on this site.)

Dogs enrolled in the AKC-FSS program can participate in AKC Companion Events. These events include Agility, Obedience, Rally-O, and Tracking. Breeds may also apply to participate in various performance events as well. Performance events are organized by breed group (IE dogs in the Herding Group can do Herding events, Hunting Group breeds can do Hunting Events, Terriers can do Earthdog Events).

This program is basically a Stud Book kept for Rare Breeds in the USA. A Stud Book is listing of all dogs, and their pedigrees, of a certain breed.  Many breed clubs keep their own stud books. The AKC has kept stud books for over 100 years.  And since the AKC is the only club in the USA which has a Letter of Understanding with the FCI, rare breeds which have pedigrees with the AKC are accepted in most FCI Member Countries.

We say most, because the word is still out whether all FCI Member Countries will accept an AKC-FSS pedigree.

The following quote is from the American Mudi Association:

The FSS Mudi and the World

The following countries Kennel Clubs have reported that they will recognize the AKC FSS recorded pedigree, although they have not been requested to accept any Mudi as of this time: Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Hungary

These countries reported they will not recognize the AKC FSS recorded pedigree:  Belgium, Canada, Latvia, Sweden

However, this may not be accurate, as there is a possibility that an AKC-FSS recorded dog is registered with the Swedish Kennel Club (SKK).

If you have letters from kennel clubs abroad that officially accept AKC-FSS pedigrees, please comment on this site so we can keep track of which countries do accept AKC-FSS pedigrees.

It is critical that AKC-FSS pedigrees are accepted in all other FCI Member Countries. The AKC Foundation Stock Service program is the primary way to get a pedigree in the USA provided by a Club with a Reciprocity Agreement with the FCI for rare breed dogs. The gene pool of rare breed dogs born in the USA may be too limited if they cannot be bred with dogs in other FCI Member Countries.

However, you can still apply for a pedigree from FCPR. The FCPR is a FCI Member Club and covers North America when it comes to getting a pedigree for a dog residing in the USA.

Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

The FCI is the only world recognized registry of pure bred dogs. There are over 80 member countries. The FCI does not register individual dogs. Instead the FCI registers one club in each country that meets the requirements of the FCI. Please see the FCI website for a list of regulations a club and country must meet to become FCI recognized.

Non-Profit of For Profit?N/A
Issues Pedigrees?No
Issues Pedigrees dogs imported into the USA?No

The USA does not have an FCI member club. The USA is not an FCI member country. The AKC has a Letter of Understanding (aka Reciprocity Agreement) with the FCI that allows for dogs with AKC pedigrees to be sold overseas to FCI member clubs, and the AKC pedigrees are recognized by those FCI member clubs for conformation showing and breeding. This makes sure that AKC born and bred dogs do not have a gene pool that is isolated from the rest of the world. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) and the Kennel Club (UK) also have reciprocity agreements with the FCI.

The FCI recognizes the FCPR as an acceptable FCI Member Club registry for all North American born and bred dogs. Although the USA is not technically a part of Puerto Rico, the FCPR is the accepted and recognized FCI Member Club for all of North America, including the USA. Therefore dogs born in the USA, and registered with the FCPR, can be sold and shown in international countries which are FCI Member Countries with FCI Member Clubs. This ensures a good wide gene pool for FCI recognized breeds.

The AKC Foundation Stock Service is also a program which works under the FCI umbrella. While most countries will accept AKC-FSS pedigrees, some countries may not. There is not a final list of countries that will or will not accept AKC-FSS pedigrees.

Federación Canófila de Puerto Rico (FCPR)

The Federación Canófila de Puerto Rico (FCPR) is located in Puerto Rico, which is a commonwealth of the USA. The FCPR allows USA born dogs to register with them in order to maintain a registration with an FCI Member Club. The FCPR also issues pedigrees and litter registrations.

A dog born in the USA can obtain a FCPR pedigree. Since this pedigree is with the FCPR, which is an FCI member club, this pedigree allows the dog to be shown in conformation shows, and be bred, in any other of the 80+ FCI Member Countries. This allows for a wide gene pool and gives USA born dogs the opportunity to breed with other dogs of the same breed world wide.

Non-Profit of For Profit?Non-Profit
FCI Member club? Yes
Issues Pedigrees?Yes
Issues Pedigrees dogs imported into the USA?Not if they already possess a pedigree.

If you own a rare breed dog that is not an AKC (or AKC Foundation Stock Service) breed, you can register them with the FCPR in order to ensure their international status. The FCI website states that the dog’s registration must be in the country the dog resides. However, the FCI and the FCPR have an agreement so that dogs living and born in the USA can receive FCPR registrations. FCPR covers all of North America (so, it is my belief, it covers Canada too).

There is no conflict with the FCPR when it comes to showing in conformation events in ARBA and UKC in the USA. This has been verified by email communication with FCPR, the source can be provided if requested.