Category Archives: Domestic

Posts about Domestic USA issues.

International All Breed Canine Association (IABCA)

The International All Breed Canine Association is located in the USA and provides conformation titles to various dog breeds, both rare and common. Many of the breeds are recognized by the AKC and some are not.

Non-Profit of For Profit?Unknown
FCI Member club? No
Issues Pedigrees?No
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?No

The IABCA is not an FCI recognized club, and its titles are not recognized in any other country in the world. The IABCA does import judges from other countries world wide, and the judges provide written critiques of each dog entered, just like a European styled show.

Showing with the IABCA can be fun and good experience for both dog and handler. Having a written critique of your dog can be interesting and informative, especially from judges brought from other parts of the world.

Here’s a fun, interesting story about a person who has showed in IABCA:
IABCA Show Story

Kennel Club USA (KC USA)

The Kennel Club USA is an organization that offers conformation shows to various breeds of dogs. This club was started by the same people who own and operate ARBA (the American Rare Breed Association).

Website:KC USA
Non-Profit of For Profit?For Profit
FCI Member club? No
Issues Pedigrees?Unknown
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?Unknown

The Kennel Club USA is not associated with the FCI in any way. They are a privately owned club where anyone can register and show their dogs. Kennel Club USA has a partnership with UCI to offer various international type titles from international judges. However these titles and registrations are not recognized by FCI Member Clubs.

Showing in the Kennel Club USA shows can be fun for all types of handlers and dogs. Kennel Club USA was formed sometime around 2010 or 2011 and offers shows in various cities throughout the USA. Unlike it’s sister-club, ARBA, which recognizes only rare breeds, Kennel Club USA recognizes nearly all breeds in the USA.

American Kennel Club Miscellaneous Class (AKC-Misc)

The AKC Miscellaneous Class allows dogs registered with the AKC Foundation Stock Service the ability to show in Conformation events with the AKC.

The Miscellaneous class can be, in a way, thought of as another Breed Group. In as such there is the Herding Group, the Terrier Group, the Working Group, etc, and there is also the Miscellaneous Class. Dogs in the Miscellaneous Class can compete in conformation events in the AKC. However, no championship points can be awarded to these breeds. They can be awarded points toward a Certificate of Merit (CM).

When a breed which has been accepted into the AKC-FSS reaches 150 dogs registered with the AKC-FSS, they can apply to be accepted into the Miscellaneous Class. These breeds are still considered part of the AKC Foundation Stock Service. The AKC will then contact any breed clubs which may qualify to become the Parent Breed Club. Breeds can be placed in the Miscellaneous Class when they have 150 dogs registered with the AKC-FSS, and a Parent Breed Club. The AKC chooses which club will be appointed as the Parent Breed Club. Please see information on AKC Accredited Clubs to find requirements for a Prent Breed Club.

Breeds accepted into the AKC Miscellaneous Class share all the same benefits as those registered with the Foundation Stock Service. Please refer to the AKC-FSS page on this site for more information, as well as the page on Pedigrees vs Registrations, to find out more information about those items.

Breeds accepted into the Miscellaneous Class are encouraged to show in conformation shows and receive Certificates of Merit. The more support the breeds receive in the conformation show ring, the more likely the AKC will accept the breed as a fully recognized AKC breed.

It is unknown if there is a time frame (please comment if you know) for how long a breed may remain in the Miscellaneous Class, though I’ve read estimates of about three years. It may be possible for a breed to be moved back down into the AKC-FSS only program if a breed does not show enough support in the USA to support a conformation contingent.

The AKC decides when a breed is ready to move from the AKC-FSS Miscellaneous Class and become a fully recognized breed with full recognition with the AKC.

American Kennel Club Foundation Stock Service (AKC-FSS)

The AKC Foundation Stock Service is a program provided by the AKC for Rare Breed Dogs in the USA.  Any individual or breed club can apply for a breed to be accepted into the AKC-FSS program. An established breed club is not necessary. Even a single person with one dog can apply for recognition into the AKC-FSS. There is no guarantee that the breed will be accepted. If the breed is an FCI recognized breed, this will increase the breed’s chances of acceptance.

Once your dog is registered with the AKC-FSS you will receive a registration certificate. After you receive this registration certificate, you can order an AKC-FSS pedigree. The pedigree is provided for an extra cost. (Refer to the difference between pedigrees and registrations on this site.)

Dogs enrolled in the AKC-FSS program can participate in AKC Companion Events. These events include Agility, Obedience, Rally-O, and Tracking. Breeds may also apply to participate in various performance events as well. Performance events are organized by breed group (IE dogs in the Herding Group can do Herding events, Hunting Group breeds can do Hunting Events, Terriers can do Earthdog Events).

This program is basically a Stud Book kept for Rare Breeds in the USA. A Stud Book is listing of all dogs, and their pedigrees, of a certain breed.  Many breed clubs keep their own stud books. The AKC has kept stud books for over 100 years.  And since the AKC is the only club in the USA which has a Letter of Understanding with the FCI, rare breeds which have pedigrees with the AKC are accepted in most FCI Member Countries.

We say most, because the word is still out whether all FCI Member Countries will accept an AKC-FSS pedigree.

The following quote is from the American Mudi Association:

The FSS Mudi and the World

The following countries Kennel Clubs have reported that they will recognize the AKC FSS recorded pedigree, although they have not been requested to accept any Mudi as of this time: Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Hungary

These countries reported they will not recognize the AKC FSS recorded pedigree:  Belgium, Canada, Latvia, Sweden

However, this may not be accurate, as there is a possibility that an AKC-FSS recorded dog is registered with the Swedish Kennel Club (SKK).

If you have letters from kennel clubs abroad that officially accept AKC-FSS pedigrees, please comment on this site so we can keep track of which countries do accept AKC-FSS pedigrees.

It is critical that AKC-FSS pedigrees are accepted in all other FCI Member Countries. The AKC Foundation Stock Service program is the primary way to get a pedigree in the USA provided by a Club with a Reciprocity Agreement with the FCI for rare breed dogs. The gene pool of rare breed dogs born in the USA may be too limited if they cannot be bred with dogs in other FCI Member Countries.

However, you can still apply for a pedigree from FCPR. The FCPR is a FCI Member Club and covers North America when it comes to getting a pedigree for a dog residing in the USA.

American Kennel Club (AKC)

The American Kennel Club is the biggest registry of pure bred dogs in the United States of America. They recognize a smaller number of breeds than does the FCI.

Non-Profit of For Profit?Non-Profit
FCI Member club? No - But there is a Letter of Understanding between the AKC and the FCI.
Issues Pedigrees?Yes
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?Not if they already possess a pedigree.

For foreign born dogs to be registered with the AKC, the AKC accepts pedigrees from approved international kennel clubs. These pedigrees allow imported, foreign born dogs to be registered with the AKC. It also allows for breeding with AKC registered dogs, and allows for the dogs offspring to also be registered with the AKC and be issued AKC pedigrees.

The AKC has a Letter of Understanding (aka a Reciprocity Agreement) with the FCI that allows dogs with AKC pedigrees to show and breed in all FCI member countries. The AKC is not an FCI Member Club. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) and The Kennel Club (of the UK) also have Reciprocity Agreements with the FCI so that dogs with their pedigrees can also be shown and bred in all FCI Member Countries.

When it comes to rare breed dogs that are not AKC recognized, there is the AKC Foundation Stock Service.

American Rare Breed Association (ARBA)

The American Rare Breed Association was created in 1997 to allow for conformation shows in the USA for breeds that are considered rare, and usually not recognized by the AKC.

Non-Profit of For Profit?For Profit
FCI Member club? No
Issues Pedigrees?Yes
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?Not if they already possess a pedigree.

The American Rare Breed Association is owned and operated by Robert Slack. Mr. Slack travels all across the USA and puts on the ARBA shows. He does have help with the secretarial issues and such. ARBA does not have its own conformation judges. ARBA hires judges from AKC and UKC in order to judge its shows.

ARBA pedigrees are not world recognized. They may not be recognized by any organization other than their own. AKC will not recognize ARBA pedigrees unless it has been agreed by the AKC Foundation Stock Service to allow ARBA pedigrees for AKC registrations. This is worked out on a breed-by-breed basis by the AKC-FSS.

ARBA puts on conformation shows only. ARBA does not have any sorts of dog sports. To view a list of breeds ARBA recognizes, please visit their website posted above.

United Kennel Club (UKC)

The United Kennel Club is the oldest pure bred dog registry in the USA. They are not an FCI Member Club. The UKC has the power to change standards when they decide to do so. They do not recognize a parent breed club for any breed. They will consider adding new breeds to their breed list when asked, and do not have a cut and dried process for adding new breeds like the AKC does.

Non-Profit of For Profit?For-Profit
FCI Member club? No
Issues Pedigrees?Yes
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?Yes

The UKC issues at least 2 types of Pedigrees. A Performance Pedigree and a Permanent Pedigree. Research is still being conducted as to the differences between these, and if the UKC issues any other types of pedigrees. The UKC will issue a pedigree even if the dog has a pedigree from another club.

The UKC has many types of sporting events in addition to conformation events. Visit their website for a full list of UKC dog events.