Author Archives: Cynthia

International All Breed Canine Association (IABCA)

The International All Breed Canine Association is located in the USA and provides conformation titles to various dog breeds, both rare and common. Many of the breeds are recognized by the AKC and some are not.

Non-Profit of For Profit?Unknown
FCI Member club? No
Issues Pedigrees?No
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?No

The IABCA is not an FCI recognized club, and its titles are not recognized in any other country in the world. The IABCA does import judges from other countries world wide, and the judges provide written critiques of each dog entered, just like a European styled show.

Showing with the IABCA can be fun and good experience for both dog and handler. Having a written critique of your dog can be interesting and informative, especially from judges brought from other parts of the world.

Here’s a fun, interesting story about a person who has showed in IABCA:
IABCA Show Story

Kennel Club USA (KC USA)

The Kennel Club USA is an organization that offers conformation shows to various breeds of dogs. This club was started by the same people who own and operate ARBA (the American Rare Breed Association).

Website:KC USA
Non-Profit of For Profit?For Profit
FCI Member club? No
Issues Pedigrees?Unknown
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?Unknown

The Kennel Club USA is not associated with the FCI in any way. They are a privately owned club where anyone can register and show their dogs. Kennel Club USA has a partnership with UCI to offer various international type titles from international judges. However these titles and registrations are not recognized by FCI Member Clubs.

Showing in the Kennel Club USA shows can be fun for all types of handlers and dogs. Kennel Club USA was formed sometime around 2010 or 2011 and offers shows in various cities throughout the USA. Unlike it’s sister-club, ARBA, which recognizes only rare breeds, Kennel Club USA recognizes nearly all breeds in the USA.

Union Cynologie International e.V. (UCI)

The Union Cynologie International e.V. is an organization based in Germany.

Non-Profit of For Profit?Unknown
FCI Member club? No
Issues Pedigrees?Unknown
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?Unknown

This organization is gaining more members in various countries. While they are internationally recognized and they have clubs in various countries that aurthorize shows with international judges, they are not an FCI Member Club nor are they in association with the FCI. The FCI is the only world accepted club registration for all dog breeds across the world.

In the USA, the club that is associated with the UCI is Kennel Club USA. Kennel Club USA is a for-profit privately owned club that is also associated with ARBA (the American Rare Breed Association).

While showing and titling in UCI can be fun, remember the only FCI recognized titles and pedigrees in the USA are offered and gained from the AKC (American Kennel Club).

If you have other information about the UCI please post a comment so we can gather all the information possible.

American Kennel Club Miscellaneous Class (AKC-Misc)

The AKC Miscellaneous Class allows dogs registered with the AKC Foundation Stock Service the ability to show in Conformation events with the AKC.

The Miscellaneous class can be, in a way, thought of as another Breed Group. In as such there is the Herding Group, the Terrier Group, the Working Group, etc, and there is also the Miscellaneous Class. Dogs in the Miscellaneous Class can compete in conformation events in the AKC. However, no championship points can be awarded to these breeds. They can be awarded points toward a Certificate of Merit (CM).

When a breed which has been accepted into the AKC-FSS reaches 150 dogs registered with the AKC-FSS, they can apply to be accepted into the Miscellaneous Class. These breeds are still considered part of the AKC Foundation Stock Service. The AKC will then contact any breed clubs which may qualify to become the Parent Breed Club. Breeds can be placed in the Miscellaneous Class when they have 150 dogs registered with the AKC-FSS, and a Parent Breed Club. The AKC chooses which club will be appointed as the Parent Breed Club. Please see information on AKC Accredited Clubs to find requirements for a Prent Breed Club.

Breeds accepted into the AKC Miscellaneous Class share all the same benefits as those registered with the Foundation Stock Service. Please refer to the AKC-FSS page on this site for more information, as well as the page on Pedigrees vs Registrations, to find out more information about those items.

Breeds accepted into the Miscellaneous Class are encouraged to show in conformation shows and receive Certificates of Merit. The more support the breeds receive in the conformation show ring, the more likely the AKC will accept the breed as a fully recognized AKC breed.

It is unknown if there is a time frame (please comment if you know) for how long a breed may remain in the Miscellaneous Class, though I’ve read estimates of about three years. It may be possible for a breed to be moved back down into the AKC-FSS only program if a breed does not show enough support in the USA to support a conformation contingent.

The AKC decides when a breed is ready to move from the AKC-FSS Miscellaneous Class and become a fully recognized breed with full recognition with the AKC.

American Kennel Club Foundation Stock Service (AKC-FSS)

The AKC Foundation Stock Service is a program provided by the AKC for Rare Breed Dogs in the USA.  Any individual or breed club can apply for a breed to be accepted into the AKC-FSS program. An established breed club is not necessary. Even a single person with one dog can apply for recognition into the AKC-FSS. There is no guarantee that the breed will be accepted. If the breed is an FCI recognized breed, this will increase the breed’s chances of acceptance.

Once your dog is registered with the AKC-FSS you will receive a registration certificate. After you receive this registration certificate, you can order an AKC-FSS pedigree. The pedigree is provided for an extra cost. (Refer to the difference between pedigrees and registrations on this site.)

Dogs enrolled in the AKC-FSS program can participate in AKC Companion Events. These events include Agility, Obedience, Rally-O, and Tracking. Breeds may also apply to participate in various performance events as well. Performance events are organized by breed group (IE dogs in the Herding Group can do Herding events, Hunting Group breeds can do Hunting Events, Terriers can do Earthdog Events).

This program is basically a Stud Book kept for Rare Breeds in the USA. A Stud Book is listing of all dogs, and their pedigrees, of a certain breed.  Many breed clubs keep their own stud books. The AKC has kept stud books for over 100 years.  And since the AKC is the only club in the USA which has a Letter of Understanding with the FCI, rare breeds which have pedigrees with the AKC are accepted in most FCI Member Countries.

We say most, because the word is still out whether all FCI Member Countries will accept an AKC-FSS pedigree.

The following quote is from the American Mudi Association:

The FSS Mudi and the World

The following countries Kennel Clubs have reported that they will recognize the AKC FSS recorded pedigree, although they have not been requested to accept any Mudi as of this time: Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Hungary

These countries reported they will not recognize the AKC FSS recorded pedigree:  Belgium, Canada, Latvia, Sweden

However, this may not be accurate, as there is a possibility that an AKC-FSS recorded dog is registered with the Swedish Kennel Club (SKK).

If you have letters from kennel clubs abroad that officially accept AKC-FSS pedigrees, please comment on this site so we can keep track of which countries do accept AKC-FSS pedigrees.

It is critical that AKC-FSS pedigrees are accepted in all other FCI Member Countries. The AKC Foundation Stock Service program is the primary way to get a pedigree in the USA provided by a Club with a Reciprocity Agreement with the FCI for rare breed dogs. The gene pool of rare breed dogs born in the USA may be too limited if they cannot be bred with dogs in other FCI Member Countries.

However, you can still apply for a pedigree from FCPR. The FCPR is a FCI Member Club and covers North America when it comes to getting a pedigree for a dog residing in the USA.

Pedigrees vs Registrations


A dog can only have one official pedigree.

A dog’s pedigree is a document that lists the dog’s ancestors. A pedigree usually lists three or four generations back, from the sire and dam, on through great great sires and dams.  A pedigree is used by Kennel Clubs and Breed Clubs to ensure that the dog is, in fact, descended from dogs only of the claimed breed. This ensures the dog’s blood lines are ‘pure’ for a single breed.   The pedigree that ensures a dog can show and breed world wide is one that is issued by an FCI Member Club, or a Kennel Club that has a Reciprocity Agreement with the FCI.  If a dog has a pedigree from a non-FCI Member Club, that dog will have problems breeding and showing abroad.    Dogs that have more than one pedigree, such as a Performance Pedigree issued by the UKC, have pedigrees most likely issued by kennel clubs not recognized by the FCI. UKC is not an FCI Member Club.  These other pedigrees are not valid on the world stage and will not be recognized abroad.  So when we say a dog can only have one official pedigree, we mean that the only pedigree that can be used for international purposes is one that is issued by an FCI Member Club. In order to get a pedigree, your dog’s sire and dam will both need to have their own pedigrees.


A dog can have multiple registrations.

A registration is very different from a Pedigree. A registration allows clubs of all types to register and track points and qualifying runs for a dog competing in conformation and sporting events. A registration will allow a Kennel or Sporting Club to track the number of dogs that are included in their database. Registrations contain no ancestry information about the dog. Your dog may have both a registration and a pedigree from the same club.

Dogs can have many registrations. Usually dogs have one registration for each club they are registered with. To obtain a registration, you will most likely have to fill out paper work with the respective club, and pay a fee, to receive the registration. Registrations are usually required for dogs participating in any type of dog sport, including Agility, Obedience, Go to Ground, Herding, Tracking, etc. Clubs that require dogs to have registrations with them include, but are not limited to, the Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA), the Jack Russel Terrier Club of America (JRTCA), United Kennel Club (UKC), National Association of Canine Scent Work (NACSW), etc. There are too many clubs to list on this page.

American Kennel Club (AKC)

The American Kennel Club is the biggest registry of pure bred dogs in the United States of America. They recognize a smaller number of breeds than does the FCI.

Non-Profit of For Profit?Non-Profit
FCI Member club? No - But there is a Letter of Understanding between the AKC and the FCI.
Issues Pedigrees?Yes
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?Not if they already possess a pedigree.

For foreign born dogs to be registered with the AKC, the AKC accepts pedigrees from approved international kennel clubs. These pedigrees allow imported, foreign born dogs to be registered with the AKC. It also allows for breeding with AKC registered dogs, and allows for the dogs offspring to also be registered with the AKC and be issued AKC pedigrees.

The AKC has a Letter of Understanding (aka a Reciprocity Agreement) with the FCI that allows dogs with AKC pedigrees to show and breed in all FCI member countries. The AKC is not an FCI Member Club. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) and The Kennel Club (of the UK) also have Reciprocity Agreements with the FCI so that dogs with their pedigrees can also be shown and bred in all FCI Member Countries.

When it comes to rare breed dogs that are not AKC recognized, there is the AKC Foundation Stock Service.

Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)

The FCI is the only world recognized registry of pure bred dogs. There are over 80 member countries. The FCI does not register individual dogs. Instead the FCI registers one club in each country that meets the requirements of the FCI. Please see the FCI website for a list of regulations a club and country must meet to become FCI recognized.

Non-Profit of For Profit?N/A
Issues Pedigrees?No
Issues Pedigrees dogs imported into the USA?No

The USA does not have an FCI member club. The USA is not an FCI member country. The AKC has a Letter of Understanding (aka Reciprocity Agreement) with the FCI that allows for dogs with AKC pedigrees to be sold overseas to FCI member clubs, and the AKC pedigrees are recognized by those FCI member clubs for conformation showing and breeding. This makes sure that AKC born and bred dogs do not have a gene pool that is isolated from the rest of the world. The Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) and the Kennel Club (UK) also have reciprocity agreements with the FCI.

The FCI recognizes the FCPR as an acceptable FCI Member Club registry for all North American born and bred dogs. Although the USA is not technically a part of Puerto Rico, the FCPR is the accepted and recognized FCI Member Club for all of North America, including the USA. Therefore dogs born in the USA, and registered with the FCPR, can be sold and shown in international countries which are FCI Member Countries with FCI Member Clubs. This ensures a good wide gene pool for FCI recognized breeds.

The AKC Foundation Stock Service is also a program which works under the FCI umbrella. While most countries will accept AKC-FSS pedigrees, some countries may not. There is not a final list of countries that will or will not accept AKC-FSS pedigrees.

Federación Canófila de Puerto Rico (FCPR)

The Federación Canófila de Puerto Rico (FCPR) is located in Puerto Rico, which is a commonwealth of the USA. The FCPR allows USA born dogs to register with them in order to maintain a registration with an FCI Member Club. The FCPR also issues pedigrees and litter registrations.

A dog born in the USA can obtain a FCPR pedigree. Since this pedigree is with the FCPR, which is an FCI member club, this pedigree allows the dog to be shown in conformation shows, and be bred, in any other of the 80+ FCI Member Countries. This allows for a wide gene pool and gives USA born dogs the opportunity to breed with other dogs of the same breed world wide.

Non-Profit of For Profit?Non-Profit
FCI Member club? Yes
Issues Pedigrees?Yes
Issues Pedigrees dogs imported into the USA?Not if they already possess a pedigree.

If you own a rare breed dog that is not an AKC (or AKC Foundation Stock Service) breed, you can register them with the FCPR in order to ensure their international status. The FCI website states that the dog’s registration must be in the country the dog resides. However, the FCI and the FCPR have an agreement so that dogs living and born in the USA can receive FCPR registrations. FCPR covers all of North America (so, it is my belief, it covers Canada too).

There is no conflict with the FCPR when it comes to showing in conformation events in ARBA and UKC in the USA. This has been verified by email communication with FCPR, the source can be provided if requested.

American Rare Breed Association (ARBA)

The American Rare Breed Association was created in 1997 to allow for conformation shows in the USA for breeds that are considered rare, and usually not recognized by the AKC.

Non-Profit of For Profit?For Profit
FCI Member club? No
Issues Pedigrees?Yes
Issues Pedigrees for Imported Dogs?Not if they already possess a pedigree.

The American Rare Breed Association is owned and operated by Robert Slack. Mr. Slack travels all across the USA and puts on the ARBA shows. He does have help with the secretarial issues and such. ARBA does not have its own conformation judges. ARBA hires judges from AKC and UKC in order to judge its shows.

ARBA pedigrees are not world recognized. They may not be recognized by any organization other than their own. AKC will not recognize ARBA pedigrees unless it has been agreed by the AKC Foundation Stock Service to allow ARBA pedigrees for AKC registrations. This is worked out on a breed-by-breed basis by the AKC-FSS.

ARBA puts on conformation shows only. ARBA does not have any sorts of dog sports. To view a list of breeds ARBA recognizes, please visit their website posted above.