The AKC Foundation Stock Service is a program provided by the AKC for Rare Breed Dogs in the USA. Any individual or breed club can apply for a breed to be accepted into the AKC-FSS program. An established breed club is not necessary. Even a single person with one dog can apply for recognition into the AKC-FSS. There is no guarantee that the breed will be accepted. If the breed is an FCI recognized breed, this will increase the breed’s chances of acceptance.
Once your dog is registered with the AKC-FSS you will receive a registration certificate. After you receive this registration certificate, you can order an AKC-FSS pedigree. The pedigree is provided for an extra cost. (Refer to the difference between pedigrees and registrations on this site.)
Dogs enrolled in the AKC-FSS program can participate in AKC Companion Events. These events include Agility, Obedience, Rally-O, and Tracking. Breeds may also apply to participate in various performance events as well. Performance events are organized by breed group (IE dogs in the Herding Group can do Herding events, Hunting Group breeds can do Hunting Events, Terriers can do Earthdog Events).
This program is basically a Stud Book kept for Rare Breeds in the USA. A Stud Book is listing of all dogs, and their pedigrees, of a certain breed. Many breed clubs keep their own stud books. The AKC has kept stud books for over 100 years. And since the AKC is the only club in the USA which has a Letter of Understanding with the FCI, rare breeds which have pedigrees with the AKC are accepted in most FCI Member Countries.
We say most, because the word is still out whether all FCI Member Countries will accept an AKC-FSS pedigree.
The following quote is from the American Mudi Association:
The FSS Mudi and the World
The following countries Kennel Clubs have reported that they will recognize the AKC FSS recorded pedigree, although they have not been requested to accept any Mudi as of this time: Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Hungary
These countries reported they will not recognize the AKC FSS recorded pedigree: Belgium, Canada, Latvia, Sweden
However, this may not be accurate, as there is a possibility that an AKC-FSS recorded dog is registered with the Swedish Kennel Club (SKK).
If you have letters from kennel clubs abroad that officially accept AKC-FSS pedigrees, please comment on this site so we can keep track of which countries do accept AKC-FSS pedigrees.
It is critical that AKC-FSS pedigrees are accepted in all other FCI Member Countries. The AKC Foundation Stock Service program is the primary way to get a pedigree in the USA provided by a Club with a Reciprocity Agreement with the FCI for rare breed dogs. The gene pool of rare breed dogs born in the USA may be too limited if they cannot be bred with dogs in other FCI Member Countries.
However, you can still apply for a pedigree from FCPR. The FCPR is a FCI Member Club and covers North America when it comes to getting a pedigree for a dog residing in the USA.